İspanya Başbakanı Pedro Sanchez, Katalonya’da 1 Ekim 2017’de yapılan yasa dışı referandum ve bağımsızlık yanlısı girişimlerden dolayı yaklaşık 3,5 yıldır tutuklu bulunan 9 Katalan siyasetçi için yarın yapılacak Bakanlar Kurulu Toplantısı’nda af kararı çıkarılacağını duyurdu.
Sanchez, “Katalan Sivil Toplumu” adlı örgütün Barselona’daki Liceu Opera Salonu’nda düzenlediği etkinlikte yaptığı konuşmada, “Anayasanın uzlaşıcı ve yapıcı ruhuyla yeni bir projeyi ayağa kaldıracağız. İspanya Başbakanı olarak bu benim en büyük taahhüdüm. Bu yolu açmak zorundayız.” ifadelerini kullandı.
Söz konusu 9 Katalan siyasetçinin cezaevinden çıkarılmasının sadece onlara değil, İspanyol ve Katalan toplumuna da “birlikte yaşam için açık bir mesaj olacağını” vurgulayan Sanchez, “Bağımsızlığı arzulayanların ideallerinden vazgeçmelerini beklemiyoruz. Ancak hukukun dışında hiçbir yol olmadığının anlaşılmasını umuyoruz.” dedi.
Katalonya özerk yönetim hükümetinden hiçbir temsilcinin katılmadığı, Liceu’da yapılan İspanya Başbakanı’nın konuşması sırasında salondaki bir kişi, ayrılıkçı Katalan bayrağı açarak “Bağımsızlık, genel af” sloganı atarken birkaç kişi de alkışlarıyla bu eyleme destek verdi.
Ayrıca salon dışında toplanan kalabalık, benzer sloganlar atarak Başbakan Sanchez’i protesto etti.
Diğer yandan Katalonya’daki bağımsızlık yanlısı sivil girişimlere öncülük eden “Omnium Cultural” ve “Amnistia i Llibertat” adlı sivil toplum kuruluşları, Katalonya’daki yasa dışı referandum süreciyle bağlantılı olarak bugüne dek verilen tüm cezaların kaldırılmasını içeren genel af yasası çıkarılması için topladığı 200 bin imzayı meclise sundu.
Muhalefetteki sağ partilerden af tepkisi
İspanya’da Yargıtay, “adalet, eşitlik ve kamu yararına aykırı” olduğu gerekçesiyle tutuklu Katalan siyasetçilerin olası affına karşı çıktığını açıklamış, ana muhalefetteki sağ görüşlü Halk Partisi (PP) ile aşırı sağcı Vox ve liberal Vatandaşlar partileri de olası bir af kararına karşı üst mahkemeye giderek itiraz edeceklerini duyurmuştu.
PP lideri Pablo Casado, bugün mecliste yaptığı konuşmada, Başbakan Sanchez’i İspanyol demokrasisine ve yasallığına karşı darbe yapmakla suçlayarak tutuklu Katalan siyasetçilerin affını “İspanyol demokrasisinin temellerini yıkan bir rejim değişikliği” olarak değerlendirdi.
Katalonya’da bağımsızlık yanlısı siyasi girişimler, 2012’de başlamış ve dönemin Katalonya Özerk Hükümet Başkanı Artur Mas’ın öncülüğünde 9 Kasım 2014’te yasa dışı ilk bağımsızlık yanlısı halk oylaması yapılmıştı.
Ardından 12 Ocak 2016-28 Ekim 2017’de Katalonya Özerk Hükümet Başkanı olarak görev yapan, halihazırda Avrupa parlamenteri olan ve İspanya’da hakkında yakalama ve tutuklama emri bulunan Carles Puigdemont’un liderliğinde 1 Ekim 2017’de, Anayasa Mahkemesinin iptal kararına rağmen yasa dışı bağımsızlık referandumu gerçekleşmişti.
Katalonya özerk yönetim parlamentosu da 27 Ekim 2017’de “açıklanması ertelenen, tek taraflı bağımsızlık deklarasyonunu” kabul etmiş ve aynı gün İspanya Senatosunda alınan ve Anayasa’nın 155. maddesinin uygulandığı kararla Katalonya’nın özerk hakları geçici olarak merkezi hükümete devredilmişti.
Bu gelişmelerin ardından İspanya mahkemelerinden kaçan Puigdemont ve 6 eski Katalan siyasetçi ülkeyi terk ederken Yüksek Mahkemede tutuklu yargılanan eski Katalonya özerk yönetim hükümetinden 9 siyasetçi, devlete karşı ayaklanma, kamu parasını kötüye kullanma ve devletin kurumlarına itaatsizlik suçlarından Ekim 2019’da açıklanan kararla 9 ila 13 yıl hapis cezası almıştı.
Katalonya özerk yönetimi, tutuklu Katalan siyasetçilere ocak ayında yarı serbestlik hakkı tanısa da daha sonra Katalan mahkemesinin itirazlarıyla bu hak iptal edilmişti.
İspanya’da Ocak 2020’den itibaren iktidarda olan sol koalisyon hükümeti, Katalonya sorununa çözüm için af adımını atsa da Katalan özerk hükümetinin bağımsızlık için yasal bir referandum talebine sıcak bakmıyor.
Merkezi hükümet ile Katalan özerk hükümeti arasında kurulacak diyalog masasında referanduma gitmeden özerklik haklarının genişletileceği bir çözüm aranması bekleniyor.
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After quite a few makes an attempt, Douglass escaped from slavery in 1838, and finally settled in Massachusetts with his spouse, Anna Murray. Douglass next grew to become a frontrunner of the abolitionist motion and began an abolitionist newsletter, the North Star, which was later renamed to Frederick Douglassâ Paperin 1847. Wheatley married a free Black man, John Peters, in 1778, and handed away from childbirth problems in 1784. The influential work she created throughout her life is remembered as a catalyst for the abolition motion. Born Christopher George Latore Wallace, the rapper generally known as the Notorious B.I.G., or Biggie Smalls, was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1972.
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Still, it wasnât until she was deep into the third book of her second trilogy that direct monetary support from her readers enabled Jemisin to stop her job as a psychologist. K. Jemisin draws on her education and work in psychology to liven up her characters. Was an American writer, screenwriter, actress, dancer, poet, and civil rights activist. She made historical past with her nonfiction guide I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. It included an autobiographical piece authored by Maya Angelou, Graduation. It conveys what it was like to achieve training through the times of racial segregation as a black individual.
It was used to forget concerning the financial realities that they faced in their every day lives even if it was only for one evening. Their fast paced dances, such as the Lindy Hop, have been a far distinction from what many Americans had been used to seeing. Thus folks of all colours had been intrigued and loved dances carried out by African Americans at places such because the Savoy Ballroom.
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