İspanya‘nın doğusundaki Katalonya özerk yönetiminde 14 Şubat’ta yapılan erken yerel parlamento seçimlerinin ardından ayrılıkçı iki siyasi partinin koalisyonu ile hükümeti kuran Pere Aragones, Katalonya’nın yeni başkanı olarak güvenoyu aldı.
Katalonya’da 135 sandalyeli özerk parlamentoda iki gün süren oturumlar sonunda yapılan oylamada Aragones, aldığı 74 “evet” oyu ile Katalonya özerk yönetiminin 132. hükümet başkanı seçildi.
Sol görüşlü Katalonya Cumhuriyetçi Solu (ERC) partisinin lideri 38 yaşındaki Aragones, bu zamana kadarki en genç Katalonya başkanı oldu.
Tek başına azınlık hükümeti kurmak için mart ayında yaptığı girişimde başarılı olamayan ERC, yeni bir erken seçime gidilmesini önlemek için siyasi ideoloji olarak kendisinden tamamen farklı olan, sağ görüşlü Katalonya için Birlik (JxCat) partisiyle ayrılıkçı girişimlerde birleşerek bağımsızlık yanlısı diğer bir parti olan, aşırı sol görüşlü Halk Birliği Adaylığı’nın (CUP) dışarıdan desteğiyle koalisyon hükümetini kurdu.
ERC (33 milletvekili) ve JxCat (32 milletvekili) yeni hükümette bakanlıkları eşit sayıda paylaştı.
Katalonya’da 2012’den bu yana süre gelen ayrılıkçı siyasi girişimlerde kurulan 5. hükümete başkanlık eden Aragones, yeni hükümetin önceliklerinin de İspanya’dan ayrılma odaklı olacağını açıkladı.
Aragones, güven oylaması öncesi yaptığı konuşmalarda, hükümetinin öncelikli hedeflerini “Katalonya Cumhuriyeti’nin bağımsızlığını mümkün kılmak, yargılanan, tutuklu olan ve yurt dışındaki Katalan siyasetçilere af ve İskoçya modeliyle anlaşmalı bağımsızlık referandumu” diye sıraladı.
Öte yandan, 14 Şubat’taki seçimlerde ERC gibi 33 milletvekili çıkaran ancak daha fazla oy alan Katalonya Sosyalist Partisi (PSC) ana muhalefette yer aldı.
İspanya’da merkezi hükümette Sağlık Bakanı olan, daha sonra Katalonya seçimleri için bakanlıktan istifa ederek PSC’nin başına geçen Salvador İlla, kurulan koalisyon hükümetine karşı sert bir muhalefet yapacaklarını söyledi.
İlla, son 9 yıldır gündemde olan ayrılıkçı girişimlere atıfta bulunarak Katalonya başkanı Aragones’i “Büyük bir yalan temeline dayanan hataları tekrarlamaması” için uyardı.
İlk defa Katalonya parlamentosuna temsilci gönderen,11 milletvekiline sahip, İspanyol milliyetçisi ve aşırı sağ görüşlü Vox partisinin Katalonya’daki lideri İgnacio Garriga ise “ERC ve JxCat’ın birbirine güvenmeyen iki siyasi parti olduğunu ve koalisyon hükümetinin kısa ömürlü olacağını” savundu.
Katalonya’da bağımsızlık yanlısı siyasi girişimler 2012’de başlamış ve dönemin Katalonya özerk hükümet başkanı Artur Mas’ın öncülüğünde 9 Kasım 2014’te yasa dışı ilk bağımsızlık yanlısı halk oylaması yapılmıştı.
Ardından 12 Ocak 2016-28 Ekim 2017’de Katalonya özerk hükümet başkanı olarak görev yapan, halihazırda Avrupa parlamenteri olan ve İspanya’da hakkında yakalama ve tutuklama emri bulunan Carles Puigdemont’un liderliğinde 1 Ekim 2017’de, Anayasa Mahkemesinin iptal kararına rağmen yasa dışı bağımsızlık referandumu gerçekleşmişti.
Katalonya özerk yönetim parlamentosu da 27 Ekim 2017’de “açıklanması ertelenen, tek taraflı bağımsızlık deklarasyonunu” kabul etmiş ve aynı gün İspanya Senatosunda alınan ve Anayasa’nın 155. maddesinin uygulandığı kararla Katalonya’nın özerk hakları geçici olarak merkezi hükümete devredilmişti.
Bu gelişmelerin ardından İspanya mahkemelerinden kaçan Puigdemont ve 6 eski Katalan siyasetçi ülkeyi terk ederken Yüksek Mahkemede tutuklu yargılanan eski Katalonya özerk yönetim hükümetinden 9 siyasetçi, devlete karşı ayaklanma, kamu parasını kötüye kullanma ve devletin kurumlarına itaatsizlik suçlarından Ekim 2019’da açıklanan kararla 9 ila 13 yıl hapis cezası almıştı.
Mevcut durumda yarı serbestlik hakkı tanınan söz konusu tutuklu 9 Katalan siyasetçi ve yurt dışındaki ayrılıkçı Katalan siyasetçiler için af talep edilse de merkezi hükümet henüz buna destek vermiyor.
Yarı serbestlik hakkı olan eski ERC lideri ve eski Katalonya özerk hükümet başkan yardımcısı Oriol Junqueras, bugünkü parlamento oturumuna katılarak Aragones’in başkan seçilmesini diğer ayrılıkçı partililerle birlikte alkışladı.
İspanya’da Ocak 2020’den itibaren iktidarda olan sol koalisyon hükümeti Katalonya sorununa çözüm için Katalan hükümeti ile diyalog masası kurulması kararı alsa da şimdiye kadar ciddi hiçbir adım atılmadı.
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After quite a few makes an attempt, Douglass escaped from slavery in 1838, and finally settled in Massachusetts with his spouse, Anna Murray. Douglass next grew to become a frontrunner of the abolitionist motion and began an abolitionist newsletter, the North Star, which was later renamed to Frederick Douglassâ Paperin 1847. Wheatley married a free Black man, John Peters, in 1778, and handed away from childbirth problems in 1784. The influential work she created throughout her life is remembered as a catalyst for the abolition motion. Born Christopher George Latore Wallace, the rapper generally known as the Notorious B.I.G., or Biggie Smalls, was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1972.
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